Indian culture has always had a revered place for the female and the feminine. The Goddess Parvathi is considered the mother of all creation, sometimes elevated above even the great Trinity, Brahma, Vishnu and Eshwara. She represents all that feminism is; a ferocious destroyer of demons, a loving mother, a beautiful, devout wife and a wise and strong lady. But, we have always been a land of paradoxes. So what was the reality of the status of women in Indian society? Continue reading “The History of the Sexes in India (Part-1)”
The Hindu time scale is cyclical; it consists of kalpas which consists of a thousand cycles of is four yugas- the satya, the thretha, the dwapara and the kali yuga, which repeat themselves. At the end of each kalpa, the universe is destroyed and recreated to begin the next cycle, each consisting of billions of years. In the current cycle, the Ramayana happened during the thretha yuga, the Mahabharata in the dwapara yuga. We are living in the kali yuga, hence the end-of-the-world predictions of December 2012. Time and date-keeping, which forms the basis for recording events, was not done in a rational and precise manner. There is no information on the exact date when the Battle of Kurukshetra occurred, but there is a record of the positions of stars and planets, that is, astronomical time.
But the ancient Greeks and Arabians recorded events and facts that occurred during a time period. They originated the Gregorian calendar which is in use even today; there was continuity and objectivity in their writings. Continue reading “Scientific temper and India”