The Covid-19 pandemic was devastating, not only in terms of loss of lives, but also in terms of loss of livelihoods for hundreds of families. The rural, informal sector, poor and marginalized faced the double whammy of income insecurity and high cost of treatment. India’s GDP spending on health is woefully inadequate, around 1.35%. Much of this spending in on the Pradhan Mantri-Ayushman Bharat Yojana, the government’s flagship health insurance scheme, introduced with the aim of providing affordable and quality healthcare to India’s poor. Did it fulfill its mission during the pandemic? Continue reading “Covid-19 and health insurance (Part-2)”
The Hindu time scale is cyclical; it consists of kalpas which consists of a thousand cycles of is four yugas- the satya, the thretha, the dwapara and the kali yuga, which repeat themselves. At the end of each kalpa, the universe is destroyed and recreated to begin the next cycle, each consisting of billions of years. In the current cycle, the Ramayana happened during the thretha yuga, the Mahabharata in the dwapara yuga. We are living in the kali yuga, hence the end-of-the-world predictions of December 2012. Time and date-keeping, which forms the basis for recording events, was not done in a rational and precise manner. There is no information on the exact date when the Battle of Kurukshetra occurred, but there is a record of the positions of stars and planets, that is, astronomical time.
But the ancient Greeks and Arabians recorded events and facts that occurred during a time period. They originated the Gregorian calendar which is in use even today; there was continuity and objectivity in their writings. Continue reading “Scientific temper and India”